Cytochrome P450: Role in the Metabolism and Toxicity of Drugs and other Xenobiotics (Issues in Toxicology)

Format Post in Biochemistry BY Costas Ioannides

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Cytochrome P450: Role in the Metabolism and Toxicity of Drugs and other Xenobiotics (Issues in Toxicology)
Costas Ioannides
Type: eBook
Released: 2008
Page Count: 400
Format: pdf
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0854042741
ISBN-13: 9780854042746
Review Xenobiotic Metabolism Cytochromes P450. Role in the metabolism and toxicity of drugs and other xenobioticsCostas IoannidesCambridge, UK, RSC Publishing 2008 | 400pp | (HB) ISBN 9780854042746    Reviewed by Paul R Ortiz de Montellano  This book is intended for postgraduate students and professionals interested in the toxicological consequences of the metabolism of drugs and xenobiotics by cytochrome P450 enzymes.   Although an introductory chapter provides general background on the cytochrome P450 system, most of the book addresses the roles of these enzymes in toxicology, with a central core of chapters in which the roles of the individual P450 families are surveyed. The organic and mechanistic chemistry of the reactions is sporadically discussed, but the book's strength is its biochemical and toxicological focus. The approach of reviewing the cytochrome P450 system and its role in drug activation, followed by discussion of the roles of the individual P450 families, and finishing with aspects of regulation is effective. However, the coverage is selective rather than comprehensive. Thus, one finds an extended discussion of the use of modeling in substrate predictions, but only a brief survey of the principles of enzyme inactivation. Likewise, the activation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons is extensively reviewed, but other activation reactions, such as those of alkyl halides heterocyclic rings, are essentially not discussed. Most surprisingly, the prototypical oxidation of acetaminophen to a hepatotoxic species is not covered in any detail. Despite its shortcomings, this book provides a readable, up-to-date review of the critical roles of cytochrome P450 enzymes in all areas of toxicology. As such, it fills a void in the current review literature and will be welcomed by investigators interested in the contribution of oxidative xenobiotic metabolism to xenobiotic and drug toxicity.  Chemistry World. 2008. 5(10), p.p.75 Book Description This up-to-date book provides the latest information on the cytochrome P450 enzymes, (one of the most extensively studied enzyme systems worldwide) in a very accessible manner. It deals extensively with each family/subfamily of the cytochromes P450 that contribute to the metabolism of xenobiotics. Essential and invaluable information is provided for the industrial research scientist working with fine chemicals, and especially those in the pharmaceutical industry. It should also prove of interest to Regulators concerned with the safety evaluation of chemicals, research pharmacologists and toxicologists, and postgraduate students studying drug metabolism and toxicology at an advanced level.

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